1. Research into the status of environmental quality, patterns and mechanisms of the structure, functioning, sensitivity, vulnerability, genetic diversity, adaptations and microevolution of natural ecosystems, habitats, species and communities under global change and anthropogenic impact, and the development of theoretical fundamentals and projections.
  2. Research and projections into the status and change of Lithuanian nature and biological resources, scientific justification of conservation, restoration and sustainable use.
  3. Research into the texture, properties and formation of the earth’s crust and soil cover, the evolution of palaeogeographical and palaeoecological conditions, groundwater and surface water systems, the state and transformations of landscapes and the geoenvironment and their interaction with human activity and scientific basis for sustainable use of Lithuania’s territory and natural resources of the earth crust.