Laboratory of Bedrock Geology

Scientific research pursued by the laboratory comprises investigations of geological processes in the Earth’s crust and their influence on surface processes, formation and sustainable use of mineral deposits, and the quality of the living environment.

The chemical composition of Precambrian rocks, their origin, age and evolution, as well as the influence of deep structures on sedimentary strata and surface landscape are studied with particular emphasis on the formation of mineral deposits. Evaluation of the occurrences, origin and potential of chemical elements highly important for modern and green economy, e.g. “critical minerals”, is conducted, and the dislocation and origin of heat-generating rocks in western Lithuania, partly responsible for geothermal anomalies, are investigated.

Laboratory researchers investigate Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks by paleontological, lithological, and magnetic methods, reconstructing paleosedimentary environments, modelling basin evolution and its influence on surface landscape and modern tectonics. The origin of geothermal energy and hydrocarbon deposits are studied by evaluating deposit exploration and its influence on the environment. Special focus is put on rock complexes suitable for CO2 storage and reuse of oil exploration wells.