Botanica Lithuanica , Supplementum 8

2005 m.

The article analyses works on Lithuanian terminology and history of science by a famous Lithuanian botanist, creator of Lithuanian terminology of botany of the 20th century Prof. J. Dagys. Some memoirs of J. Dagys are presented in the article as well.

Keywords: Lithuanian terminology, botany, dictionary, science history.

The article analyses some sources of Lithuanian terminology of botany. Scientific works and manuscripts of the nineteenth century published in Lithuanian language are under discussion. Most attention is given to the names of plants and botanical terms. Terms created by different authors are compared. The rules for coinage of terms suggested by some botanists are discussed. It is shown that some of the terms created in the nineteenth century have survived in the actual Lithuanian terminology of botany.

Keywords: Lithuania, plant names, botany, terminology, science, history.

The paper presents a short survey of the development of Lithuanian botanical terminology in the first half of the 20th century. The personalities and their works – manuscripts and publications – which mostly influenced the development of botanical terminology in Lithuania are analysed.

Keywords: botany, terminology, Lithuania.

Integration of Lithuanian state into the European and worldwide societies raises an issue of new national terms and conceptions in soil science. Harmonization of these terms and conceptions is a very difficult and urgent problem.

Keywords: Lithuania, soil science, terms, conception, history.

The paper deals with the names of test-objects of experimental botany – plant organs, cell organelles, processes, products. The contribution of plant biologists to the development of terminology of plant biology and the development of terms presently used in Lithuanian are discussed.

Keywords: terminology, history, development, anatomy, morphology.

Current status of the Lithuanian language in medical science is discussed in this paper and concern about its situation is expressed. Short outline of the development of Lithuanian medical terminology is presented. Contribution of famous Lithuanian doctors to the creation of terminology is analysed and discussed.

Keywords: Lithuanian, English, language, medicine studies, scientific research, publications, science history, terminology.

The article deals with the creation of Lithuanian terminology in allergology. The ways for solving the problem are described.

Keywords: allergology, allergy, terminology, definitions, Lithuania.

Short outline of the history of Lithuanian terminology of agronomy is presented in this paper. During the Soviet era a lot of terms were borrowed from the Russian language, however, they were not always creatively adapted. Nowadays, with the introduction of agricultural technologies, new machinery, fertilisers, and plant protection products the new terminology usually comes from the West. Hasty translation of Western terminology results in inaccuracies in the sense of logic as well as in meaning of terms. These problems should be solved by careful comparison of lexical equivalents in various languages and in close co-operation with the experts of the Lithuanian language.

Keywords: agronomy, terms, booklets, calendars, agricultural technologies, machinery.

Lithuanian terminology of beekeeping is fairly little studied. Inconsiderable part of apiculture terminology is included in The Encyclopedia of Agriculture but no separate Lithuanian dictionary of this field is prepared. A book on bees by Simonas Daukantas (1793–1864), native from Skuodas rustic estate, exists for a little more than 150 years. Over 200 terms related to apiculture are analyzed in the article according to their meaning, their alteration; words not existing in the present speech as well as terms that are likely created by the author himself are discussed.

Keywords: beekeeping, apiculture, terminology, synonyms, variants, loanwords, unused words.

The genus Hemerocallis L. contains 28 species originating from China, Japan, Korea. In Field Floriculture Research Station 7 species (H. aurantiaca, H. citrina, H. dumortierii, H. fulva, H. lilio-asphodelus, H. middendorffii, H. thunbergii) are cultivated. Investigations were carried out in 1996–1999. Morphological characteristics of the species, data on their phenological development, biometric parameters, analyses of rooting system, and data on vegetative reproductive capacities according to the total coefficient of reproduction are presented.

Keywords: Hemerocallis, reproductive capacity, coefficient of reproduction, cultivars, introduction, Lithuania.

In 1992–2001 in the Field Floriculture Research Station the investigations of introductional capacities and vegetative regeneration possibilities of daylilies (Hemerocallis) (7 species and 115 varieties) were carried out. In this paper the results of phenologic investigations, the observations of cultivars’ resistance to negative meteorological factors and diseases are discussed more exhaustively. The results of introduction of the investigated taxa are also presented.

Keywords: Hemerocallidaceae, phenologic, meteorological conditions, introductional capacities.